The sculpture called the Great Sphinx of Giza is located on the Giza plateau, in the surroundings of Cairo. “Abu el-Hoi” is as it is called by local residents. It has a height of 20 meters and a length of 70 and is located inside a moat carved out of the rock. Formerly it was painted with vivid colors that have been erased by the effect of the erosion of the sand carried by the wind. The Great Sphinx of Giza next to the pyramids form one of the best known archaeological sites in the world.